Most Common Causes of Female Infertility
Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of regular, unprotected intercourse. While infertility affects both men and women, female infertility is a common concern. Here are the most common causes of female infertility:
Ovulation disorders: Irregular or absent ovulation can make it difficult to conceive. Conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) can cause ovulation disorders.
Fallopian tube damage or blockage:
If the fallopian tubes are damaged or blocked, the sperm may not be able to reach the egg for fertilization. Tubal damage can be caused by pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometriosis, or previous surgeries.
This is a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of it, causing inflammation and scarring that can affect fertility.
Uterine or cervical abnormalities:
Structural abnormalities in the uterus or cervix, such as fibroids, polyps, or a congenital abnormality, can affect fertility by preventing implantation or obstructing the path of sperm.
As women age, their fertility declines due to a decrease in the number and quality of eggs. The chance of conceiving naturally decreases significantly after age 35.
Other factors that can contribute to female infertility include thyroid disorders, autoimmune disorders, certain medications, and lifestyle factors like smoking, alcohol use, and obesity.
If you’re struggling with infertility, it’s important to speak with your healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and explore treatment options. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, medication, or assisted reproductive technologies like in vitro fertilization (IVF). While infertility can be a difficult and emotional journey, know that there are many effective treatments available to help you achieve your goal of starting a family.